Umbreit, Friedrich Wilhelm Carl
Umbreit, Friedrich Wilhelm Carl an eminent doctor and professor of theology of Germany, was born April 11,1795, at Sonneborn, near Gotha. He studied at Göttingen, where Eichhorn instructed him in Oriental languages. In 1818 he took his degree as doctor of philosophy, and commenced his academical career as a private lecturer at Göttingen. In 1820 he was called to Heidelberg as professor of theology and philosophy, where he became intimately connected with Ullmann, Rothe, and others; and where he also died, April 26,1860. Umbreit possessed a poetical nature, and was, as he himself acknowledged, unfit for ecclesiastico-political questions. His piety had nothing to do with dogmatical hairsplitting; his faith in the living personal God, as he revealed himself in Christ, his Son, and in the immortality-these were the only positions which he would not suffer to be attacked. He wrote, Commentatio exhibens Histor. Emirorum al Omrah ex Abufeda (Gött. 1816): — Koheleths, des weisen Konigs, Seelemnkampf (Gotha, 1818): — Coheleth Scepticus de Sumno Bono (ibid. 1820): — Was bleibt? Zeitgemasse Betrachtumgen des Konigs und Predigers Salomo, etc. (Hamburg, 1849): — Salomons Lied von der Liebe (Gött. 1820; 2nd ed. Heidelberg, 1828): —Erinnerung (lan dacs Hohelied (Heidelberg, 1839): — Das Buch Iliob (ibil. 1824; 2nd ed. 1832): — Commentar uber die Spriiche Salomos (ibid. 1826): — De Veteris Testam. Prophetis, Chlariss.
Antiquiss. Temporis Oratoribus (ibid. 1833). Christl. Erbauiung aus dens Psalter (Hamburg, 1835; 2nd ed. 1848): — Der Knecht Gottes (ibid. 1840): — Practischer Commenta uber die Propheten des clten Blundes (ibid. 1841-46, 4 vols.; Daniel and Jonah are wantilg): — Die Sünde, Beitrag zurl Theologie des A. T. (Gotha, 1853):Der Brief an die Rimer, aufdem Grunde des A. T. ausgelegt (ibid. 1856). Besides these works, he wrote contributions to the Studien und Kritiken, Herzog's Real Encyklop., etc. See Zuchold, Bibl. Theolog. 2, 1367; Fürst, Bibl. .Jud. 3, 459; Kitto, Cyclop. s.v.; Herzog, Real Encyklop. 16:628 sq.; Theolog. Universal Lex. s.v.; Schenkel, Allgem. kirchliche Zeitschrift, 1860, 6:11 sq.; Mühlhauser, in the Neue evangel. Kirchenzeitteug, 1860, p. 23; Zittel, in the Allgemeine Kirchenzeitung, 1860. p. 54; Winer, Handbuch der theolog. Literatur, 1, 11, 82, 206, 212, 213, 215; 2, 355; Diestel, Geschichte des A.T. in der christl. Kirche (Jena, 1869), p. 658, 666, 668 sq., 774,784: Kurtz, Lehrbuch der Kirchengeschichte (Mitau, 1874), 2, 316. (B. P.)