Shammu'a (Heb. id. שִׁמּוּעִ, renowned; Sept. Σαμουήλ in Nu 13:4; Σαμμουά in 2Sa 5:14; Σαμμαού in 1Ch 14:4, v.r. Σαμαά; Σαμαίου in Ne 11:17, v.r. Σαμουί), the name of four men.
1. The son of Zaccur and the representative of the tribe of Reuben among those first sent by Moses to explore Canaan (Nu 13:4). B.C. 1657.
2. One of the sons of David, by his wife Bathsheba, born to him in Jerusalem (1Ch 14:4). B.C. cir. 1045. In the A.V. of 2Sa 5:14 the same Heb. name is Anglicized "Shammuah," and in 1Ch 3:5 he is called SHIMEA SEE SHIMEA (q.v.). In all the lists he is placed first among the four sons of Bathsheba; but this can hardly have been the chronological order, since Solomon appears to have been born next to the infant which was the fruit of her criminal connection with David (2Sa 12:24).
3. A Levite, the grandson of Jedulthun, son of Galal, and father of Abda (Ne 11:17). B.C. ante 450. He is the same as SHEMAIAH the father of Obadiah (1Ch 9:16).
4. The representative of the priestly family of Bilgah, or Bilgai, in the days of the high priest Joiakim (Ne 12:18). B.C. cir. 500.