Rashba (רשבא), the initials of RABBI SOLOMON BEN-ABRAHAM Ibn-Adrat, a native of Barcelona, who was born about 1285, and died in 1310. He studied under Nachmanides (q.v.), and in 1280 he was acknowledged president of the school of Barcelona, and a kind of oracle with the East and the West, with which he maintained an extensive correspondence. He was an acute thinker, an enemy to all equivocation, and an advocate of the open truth. He wrote a large colleetion of חדושים, or Novellas, discussive and expository nf Talmudic law, published in successive portions and times: — שאלות ותשובות, Questions and Answers on law and ritual subjects (Lemberg, 1812): — אגרות, Letters (ibid. 1809): — עבודת הקדש, On Sabbath and Festival Observances (Buda, 1820): — תורת הבית, The

Law of the House, domestic regulations from the Talmud (Prague, 1811): — פרוש אגדות, Explanations of the Agadoth (Furth, 1766). He also prohibited the study of Grecian philosophy until after twenty-five years of age. See Furst, Bibl. Jud. i, 18 sq.; De Rossi, Dizionario Storico degli Autori Ebrei (Germ. transl.), p. 26; Gratz, Gesch. d. Juden, 7:157 sq.; Lindo, Hist. of the Jews in Spain, p. 112; Finn, Sephardim, p. 301 sq.; Etheridge. Introd. to Hebrew Literature, p. 252; Dessauer, Gesch. d. Israeliten, p. 295; but especially the monograph by Dr. Perles, Salomo ben-Abrahams ben-Aderet, sein Leben u. s. Schriften, nebst handschriftlichen Beilagen zum ersten Male herausgegeben (Breslau, 1863), and the reviews of that monograph in Frankel's Monaetsschrift, 1863, p. 183 sq.; Geiger, Jud. Zeitschrift, 1863, p. 59 sq. (B. P.)

Definition of rash

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