Nausea, Friedrich

Nausea, Friedrich a German theologian and ecclesiastical diplomatist, was born about 1480 at Bleichfeld, or at the village of Weissenfeld, near Wilrzburg. After having studied the canon law, he became preacher in the cathedral of Mayence in 1526, and a short time after secretary of cardinal Campeggio; in 1534 he was called to Vienna as preacher of the imperial court, and in 1541 was promoted to the bishopric of that city. He assisted at the Conference of Spire, and was sent to the Council of Trent as ambassador of the Roman emperor. Although a declared adversary of the Protestants, he counselled to employ no violence against them, but to have recourse to discussion, in which he excelled. He died at Trent February 6, 1550. He was renowned as one of the first preachers of his time. We have of his works, Oratio ad Erasmum ut is proximo in Spira startuum conventui intersit (Vienna, 1524, 4to): — Ad Carolum I, pro sedando plebeio in Gernmania tumultu (Vienna, 1525, 8vo): — Miscellaneorum libri ii, prior pro horis canonicis, alter pro missa apologeticus (Mayence, 1527, 4to): — Homiliarum centuriae tres (Cologne, 1530; ibid. 1532): — Libri nirabilium vii (Mayence, 1531, and Cologne, 1532, 4to; contains details of several extraordinary events of the time): — Predigten uber alle Evangelien des Jahres (Mayence, 1535, fol.): — Sermones quadragesimales (Cologne, 1535, fol.): — In Erasmum monodia (Cologne, 1536, 8vo): — Depuero literis instituendo consilia (Cologne, 1536): — Ad Paulum III rersum conciliarum libri v (Leipsic, 1538, fol.): — Liberi responsorum ad aliquot Germanicae nationis adversus sedem apostolicam gravamina (Cologne, 1538, fol.): — De Antichristo (Vienna, 1550, 4to): — De novissima mortuorum resurrectione (Vienna, 1551, 4to; Cologne, 1555, 8vo): — De consummatione hujus saeculi (Cologne, 1555, 8vo): — Libri iii methodi de ratione concionandi (printed several times): — sermons, funeral orations, works of controversy, etc. Nausea had himself given, in 1547, a catalogue of his writings, published and in manuscript, which is found in the series of Epistole miscellaneae ad Fr. Nauseam: several of the latter perished at the burning of Vienna in 1525 (see Hummel, Neue Bibliothek von seltenen Buchern, 5th part). The (Euvres completes of Nausea have been collected in one volume folio (Cologne, 1616). See Hoefer, Nouv. Biog. Generale, s.v.

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