List, Carl Benjamin
List, Carl Benjamin a German theologian, was born at Mannheim, in the grand-duchy of Baden, February 5, 1725. He attended the universities of Jena and Strasburg, and afterwards spent some time in Neufchatel to acquire French. About 1749 he was appointed court dean, in 1753 third pastor of his native city, and in 1756 first pastor of the Evangelical-Lutheran Church, together with the dignity of counselor of the Consistory. He died January 16, 1801. He possessed a pure, liberal, and reforming character, and to him is due the honor of having abrogated the custom of paving for confession in the Evangelical-Lutheran Church. His productions, mostly of a corrective character in liturgy and hymns, were of great service to the Church to which he belonged. We mention Die Geschichte der Evangelisch- Lutherischen Gemeinde zu Mannheim (Mannheim, 1767, 8vo): — Neue Liturgie für die Evangelisch-Lutherische Kirche in der Churpfalz (ibid. 1783, 8vo). See Döring, Gelehrte Theol, Deutschlands, volume 2, s.v.