Glaphyra (Γλαφύρα, elegant), daughter of Archelaus, king of Cappadocia; married to Alexander, son of Herod the Great (Josephus, Ant. 16:1, 2). She quarreled with Salome (ib. 17:7, 2), who, in revenge, fomented Herod's jealousy against Alexander (War, 1:24, 2, 3), which eventuated in the death of the latter. SEE ALEXANDER 9. She remained faithful to her husband (Ant. 16:10, 7), and after his execution she returned to her father (17, 1), although her two sons by Alexander were brought up by Herod (ib. 2). She afterwards married Juba, king of Lydia, and at his death again returned to her father, but subsequently married Herod Archelaus, who divorced for her sake his former wife Mariamne, but she soon died, in accordance with a dream in which her first husband reproached her for her repeated inconstancy (ib. 17:13, 4).

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