Gazet (Latinized Gazeus), GUILLAUME, a French ecclesiastical historian and theologian, was born at Arras in 1554, and died in the same city August 25, 1611. He was for a time professor of belles-lettres at Louvain, quitting that position about 1580. He was also canon of the collegiate Church of St. Peter of Aire, and subsequently cure of the parish of St. Marie Madeleine of Arras. Gazet was an ardent student, especially of hagiography, but is by some regarded as credulous and inexact in giving the results of his investigations, though the Flemish historians and litterateurs, who have treated of his epoch, bestow high praise upon him. His most noted work, the Ecclesiastical History of the Low Countries, published after his death under the care of his nephew, G. Montcarre, contains much of the material found in his other writings bearing on the subject, only recast to suit it. Among his works are, Histoire de la vie, mort, passion et miracles des Saints desquels l'Eglise catholique fait fete et memoire, etc. (t. 1, Arras, 1584, 12mo; t. 2, Rouen, 1605, less carefully printed than the 1; a 2d edit. Rouen, 1619. 4to): — Magdalis, tragaedia Sacra (Douay, 1589, 8vo): — La Somme des Peches et le remede d'iceux, etc. (ibid. 1592, 8vo): — Hymnorum Libri septem in Christi Jesu etc. gloriam (ib. 1592, sm. 4to; the poems of Robert Obrize, with epistolary dedication and laudatory verses): — L'Ordre et Suite des Evesques et
Archevesques de Cambray, etc. (ibid. 1597, 12mo): — Thesaur. Precum et Litaniar. Script. Sacrae, etc. (ibid. 1602,18mo): — Idiota de Vita et Moribus Religiosorum, etc. (ibid. 1606,18mo): — Tableaux Sacrez de la Gaule Belg. etc. (ibid. 1610, 8vo, of which the Biblioth. Sacrie forms the second prat): — Brieve hist. de la sacree Manne, et de la sainte Chandelle, etc. (ibid. 1612, 16mo; new editions 1625, 1682, 1710, 1738, Arras, 12mo): — and the following posthumous works: Les Vies des Saints, avec des exhortations Morales (Rheims, 1613, 2 volumes, 8vo): — Histoire ecclesiastique des Pays-Bas, etc., (Arras and Valenciennes, 1614, 4to): — Le Consolateur des Ames Scrupuleuses, etc. (Arras, 1617, 18mo): — Les Regles et Constitutions des Ordres reformes, etc. (ibid. 1623, 18mo). Gazet wrote also Le Sacre Banquet: — Exercises spirituels, with Litanies pour toute la semaine, and some ascetic tracts, pour la consolation et instruction du peuple Chrestien. — Hoefer, Nouv. Biog. Generale, 19:781-784.