Foreigner (נָכרַי, nokri', De 15:3; Ob 1:11, a stranger, as elsewhere rendered; תּוֹשָׁב, toshab', Ex 12:45, a sojourner, as usually rendered; πάροικος, lit. a neighbor, Eph 2:19, elsewhere "stranger" or "sojourner"), a resident in a country not native to him, i.e., in the Jewish sense a Gentile. SEE ALIEN. Such non-Israelites (גֵּרַים, Josephus ἀλλοτριόχωροι, Ant. 3:12, 3) as resided among the Hebrews were by the Mosaic law not only commended in general to the sympathy and humanity of the citizens (Ex 22:21; Ex 23:9; Le 19:33-34; De 10:18 sq.; comp. Jer 7:6; Eze 22:7; Zec 7:10; Mal 3:5; see Josephus, Apion, 2:28), but were also entitled to certain privileges belonging to the poor, namely, to participation in the festivals and decennial feasts (De 14:28 sq.; 16:10 sq.; 26:11 sq.; Tobit 1:7), to gleanings in the vineyards and fields (Le 19:10; Le 23:22; De 24:19 sq.), and to the harvest in the year of jubilee (Le 25:6); prescriptions which found a definite point of support in Oriental hospitality. Before the courts they had equal rights with the native-born residents (Ex 12:49; Le 24:22; Nu 15:15 sq.; De 1:16; De 24:17; De 27:19), and the cities of refuge were appointed for them likewise in case of unintentional homicide (Nu 35:15). On the other hand, they also were not allowed to perform anything which was an abomination according to the Hebrew law (Ex 20:10; Le 17:10; Le 18:26; Le 20:2; Le 24:16; De 5:14; Eze 14:7); yet they were exempted from the prohibition of using the flesh of animals that died of themselves (De 14:21; but there are also other distinctions between this passage and Le 17:15. SEE CARCASE ). Foreign slaves must be circumcised, but were then entitled to eat the passover (Ge 17:12 sq.; Ex 12:44). It was lawful to take interest from foreigners for loaned capital (De 23:20). SEE DEBT. Under certain restrictions, when they submitted to circumcision, they became naturalized, and received the prerogatives of Jewish citizenship; Edomites and Egyptians in the: third generation (De 23:7 sq.; comp. Theodoret, Quaest. in Deuteronomy 26), others after a longer time. Only Ammonites, Moabites, castrated persons, and the off-spring of public harlots were altogether excluded from this privilege (De 23:1 sq.; comp. Ne 13:1).. Foreigners accordingly appear in the royal service (1Sa 21:7; 1Sa 22:9; 2Sa 11:3,6, etc.). SEE GITTITE. Later fanaticism, however sought to expel all foreigners from the country (Ne 13:3; on the contrary, Eze 47:22), or impose the hard conditions of circumcision (Josephus, Life, 23). See generally Michaelis, Mos. Recht, 2:443 sq.; Jahn, I, 2:346 sq. The legal treatment of foreigners was in the earlier ages the more humane, as originally at Rome (Adam, Rom. Ant. 1:145) and at Athens. SEE PROSELYTE..

Bible concordance for FOREIGNER.

Definition of foreigner

See also the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia.

Topical Outlines Nave's Bible Topics International Standard Bible Encyclopedia Online King James Bible King James Dictionary

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