En-she'mesh (Hebrews Eyn-She'mesh (עֵיןאּשֶׁמֶשׁ, fountain of the sun; Sept. ἡ πηγὴ ἡλίου and πηγὴ Σάμες; Vulgate, Ensemes, id est, Fons Solis), a spring which formed one of the landmarks on the north boundary of Judah (Jos 15:7) and the south boundiry of Benjamin (Jos 18:17). From these notices it appears to have been between the "ascent of Adummim" the road leading up from the Jordan valley south of the wady Kelt and the spring of En-rogel, in the valley of Kedron. It was therefore east of Jerusalem and of the Mount of Olives. The only spring at present answering to this position is the Ain-Haud or Ain-Chot — the "Well of the Apostles" — about a mile below Bethany, the traveler's first halting-place on the road to Jericho (Tobler, Topog. von Jerus. 2:400). The aspect of this spring is such that the rays of the sun are on it the whole day. This is not inappropriate in a cfountain dedicated to that luminary. Dr. Robinson thinks that En-shemesh must have been either this spring or the fountain near St. Saba (Researches, 1:493).

Bible concordance for EN-SHEMESH.

See also the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia.

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