Deputy stands in our version as a translation of two Heb. and one Greek term.
1. This rendering occurs in 1Ki 22:47, of the נַצָּב, nitstsab' (literally set over), or praefect, apparently constituted a sheik by common consent of the Edomitish clans prior to royalty. See DUKE. It is also spoken of the "officers" or chiefs of the commissariat appointed by Solomon (1Ki 4:5, etc.) SEE PURVEYOR.
2. The same rendering occurs in Es 8:9; Es 9:3, of the פֶּחָה, pechah' (pehhah, a Sanscrit term, whence the modern pasha), or Persian prosfect on this side the Euphrates; applied also to the "governors" of inferior rank in the Assyrian, Babylonian, and Median empires, and even to the governor of Jerusalem. SEE GOVERNOR.
3. Proconsul (ἀνθύπατος) was the proper title of the governor of a Roman province when appointed by the senate. SEE PROVINCE. Several such are mentioned in the Acts, viz. Sergius Paulus in Cyprus (8:7, 8, 12), Gallio in Achaia (18:12), and the chief officer of Achaia, whose court is indefinitely referred to in ch. 19:38, by the use of the plural (see Smith's Dict. of Class. Antiq. s.v. Proconsul). SEE PROCONSUL.