Chichele, Chichley, or Chicheley, Henry

Chichele, Chichley, Or Chicheley, Henry, archbishop of Canterbury, was born at Higham Ferrers in 1362, and was educated at Oxford. In 1407 he was consecrated bishop of St. David's by Pope Gregory XII, and in 1409 he was sent to represent the province of Canterbury at the Council of Pisa (q.v.). In 1415 he became archbishop of Canterbury. He stimulated Henry V to the war against France (see Shakspeare, Henry V), which he afterwards bitterly regretted, erecting All Saints' College, which still stands, as a memorial of his penitence. Chichley was a man of vigor and courage; he resisted the king and the pope, when occasion demanded, as energetically as he resisted what he thought to be the heresy of the followers of Wickliffe. He died at Canterbury, April 12, 1443. — Duck, Life of Chichele (Lond. 1699, 8vo); Kippis, Biographia Britannica, 3:499; Hook, Ecclesiastes Biog. 3:575 sq.

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