Che'mosh (Hebrews Kemosh´, כּמוֹשׁ, perh. subduer, or [as Fürst prefers] fire-god; Sept. Χαμώς), the national deity of the Moabites (Nu 21:29; Jer 48:7,13,46). In Jg 11:24 (see Kraft, Chamos a Jephtha derisus, Erlang. 1766), he also appears as the god of the Ammonites, but not of the Amorites (as De Wette states, Archiol. p. 328).

Solomon introduced, and Josiah abolished, the worship of Chemosh at Jerusalem (1Ki 11:7; 2Ki 23:13). SEE IDOLATRY. With regard to the meaning of the name, and the position which Chemosh held in mythology, we have nothing to record beyond doubtful and discordant conjectures. Jerome (Comm. in Isa 15:2) identifies him with Baal- Peor (comp. Selden, De diis Syr. p. 165, 341); others with Baal-Zebub, on etymological grounds (Hyde, De rel. vet. Pers. 100:5); others, as Gesenius (Thesaur. p. 693), with Mars, or the god of war, on similar grounds; and others (Beyer ad Selden, p. 323) with Saturn, as the star of ill omen, Chemosh having been worshipped, according to a Jewish tradition (comp. Pococke, Specim. p. 307), under the form of a black stone; and Maimonides states that his worshippers went bareheaded, and abstained from the use of garments sewn together by the needle (see Calmet, Dissertt. 2:277 sq.). This last identification is favored by the connection of the name Chemosh with that of Moloch or Milcom (1Ki 11:7; 2Ki 23:13), and by the sacrifice apparently of children to him (see 2Ki 3:27). Hackmann, however (Diss. de Chemoscho, Brem. 1730; also in Oelrich's Opusc. histor. philol. theol. I, 1:19 sq.), makes the name to be equivalent to royal deity. Jerome (ut. sup.) notices Dibon as the chief seat of his worship. Eusebius asain (Onomast. s.v. Α᾿ρινά, i.e. Α᾿ριήλ) names Ariel (?fire-god) as the chief deity of Ar-Moab (thence called Areopolis), and in this character he is represented on coins (Eckhel, Doctr. Numbers I, 3:504). SEE SATURN.

Bible concordance for CHEMOSH.

See also the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia.

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