Chamousset, Claude Humbert Piarrona De
Chamousset, Claude Humbert Piarrona De a French philanthropist, was born at Paris in 1717, of one of the most distinguished families. As soon as he became master of his fortune he changed his residence into a hospital, and hired a house at the gate of Sadres for a similar purpose. He was also appointed general intendant of the military hospitals. The "Petite Porte de Paris" was established after his plans, and to him we owe the first idea of fire insurance companies. Chamousset died April 27, 1773. He published among other works a large number of Memoires on military hospitals, on abandoned children, on the extinction of mendicity, etc. His complete Works were published by Catton des Houssayes (Paris, 1783, 2 vols. 8vo). See Hoefer, Nouv. Biog. Générale, s.v.