Cast (the representative of many Hebrews words, and usually of the Greek βάλλω) occurs in many applications as a synonyme of throw. The following seem to deserve special notice.
1. Amaziah, king of Judah, caused the punishment of "casting down from the top of a rock" to be inflicted on ten thousand Edomites whom he had taken in war (2Ch 25:12); and the Greeks and Romans were in the habit of condemning certain criminals to be cast down from the top of a rock, especially the latter nation, whence the famous "Tarpeian Rock" at Rome. SEE PUNISHMENT.
2. The phrase to "cast up a bank" is one frequently employed in Scripture for the preliminary act in beseigers of raising a rampart of blockade around a hose the city. SEE SIEGE.
3. For the practice of "casting metal," SEE METALLURGY.
4. On the act of "casting out of the synagogue," SEE EXCOMMUNICATION.
5. "Castaway" (ἀδόκιμος, not accepted, reprobate) occurs 1Co 9:27, as a term equivalent to apostate. SEE APOSTASY.