Carlisle (Carleolum), a city in Cumberlandshire, and an episcopal see of the Church of England. It belongs to the province of the archbishop of York. A monastery was commenced here about 1093, and afterward finished by king Henry I, who richly endowed it, and filled it with regular canons, and farther, at the request of archbishop Thurstan, erected it into a cathedral church. It was the only regular chapter in England composed of Augustinian canons, and who, with the consent of the pope and the king, enjoyed the right of electing their bishop. The priory was dissolved in January, 1540, and its site and manor given to maintain a dean, prebendaries, etc. The diocese is composed of parts of Cumberland and Westmoreland, and the chapter consists of a dean, archdeacon, chancellor, four canons, and three minor canons. The incumbent (1868) is Harvey Goodwin, D.D., consecrated in 1869.