Campanarium or Campanile
Campanarium Or Campanile (Lat. campana, hell), a bell-tower. The most striking campaniles are found in Italy, and they are those generally detached from the church, e.g. those of Florence, Cremona, Bologna, and' Pisa. That of Florence, built by Giotto (1334),' is a square 45 feet on each side and 267 feet high, in Italian Gothic, simple in design, but richly ornamented. In some instances these towers, on account of their great elevation and the narrowness of their base, have considerably deviated from the original perpendicular. The Campanile of Pisa, called 'Torre Pendente ("the leaning tower"), is the most remarkable of these, having a deviation of nearly 13 feet in a height of 150 feet. SEE BELL.