Buz (Heb. id. בּוּז, contempt), the name of two men.
1. (Sept. Βαύζ, but ῾Ρῶς in Jer 25:23.) The second son of Nahor and Milcah, and brother of Huz (Ge 22:21). B.C. 2050. Elihu, the Buzite (q.v.), one of Job's friends, who is distinguished as an Aramaean or Syrian (Job 32:2), was doubtless descended from this Buz. Judgments are denounced upon the tribe of Buz by Jeremiah (Jer 25:23); and from the context this tribe appears to have been located in Arabia Deserta, being mentioned in connection with Tema and Dedan: this may render it uncertain whether the descendants of Nahor's son are intended, although a migration south of the Euphrates is by no means unlikely, and had perhaps already occurred in the time of Elihu. Some connect the territory of Buz with Busan, a Roman fort mentioned in Amm. Marc. 18:10, and others with Basta in Arabia Petraea (see Schwarz, Palest. p. 209), which, however, has only the first letter in common with it. SEE ARABIA.
The paronomasia (as found in both the above connections) of the names Huz or Uz and Buz is by no means so apparent in the Hebrew (עוּוֹ, בוּז);
but it is quite in the Oriental taste to give to relations these rhyming appellatives; comp. Ishua and Ishui (Ge 46:17), Mehujael and Methusael (Genesis 4), Uzziel and Uzzi (1Ch 7:7); and among the Arabians, Harut and Marut, the rebel angels, Hasan and Hoseyn, the sons of All, etc. The Koran abounds in such homoioteleuta, and so pleasing are they to the Arabs that they even call Cain and Abel Kabil and Habil (Weil's Bibl. Legends, p. 23; also Southey's Notes to Thalaba), or Habil and Habid (see Stanley, p. 413). The same idiom is found in Mahratta and the modern languages of the East. See UZ.
2. (Sept. Βούζ. r. Α᾿χιβούζ.) The father of Jahdo, of the tribe of Gad (1Ch 5:14). B.C. long ante 1093.