Archelaus (2)


is also the name of several other persons mentioned by Josephus.

1. The last of the kings of Cappadocia by that name, who received the throne (B.C. 34) from Marc Antony, and was afterward held in great esteem by Augustus and the succeeding emperors, but at length fell under the displeasure of Tiberius, and died at Rome, A.D. 17. (See Smith's Dict. of Class. Biog. s.v.) He was on intimate terms with Herod the Great (Josephus, Ant. 16, 10, 6, 7), whose son Alexander married his daughter Glaphyra (ib. 8, 6), and his intervention was of service in reconciling Herod with his sons and brother (ib. 4, 6; War, 1, 25). SEE ALEXANDER.

See also the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia.

2. Julius Archelaus Epiphanes, son of Antiochus and grandson of Chelcias; he espoused Mariamne, the young daughter of Herod Agrippa I, while yet a girl of ten years; but before she became marriageable she was shamefully deflowered by the soldiery (Josephus, Ant. 19, 9, 1).

3. Son of Magadotus, and one of the deserters to the Romans during the final siege of Jerusalem (Josephus, War, 6, 4, 2).

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