Vignola, Giacomo Barozzio Da
Vignola, Giacomo Barozzio da an Italian architect, was born at Vignola, in Modena, in 1507. He studied painting at Bologna, but afterwards went to Rome to study architecture, and made it his profession. He spent two years in France with Primaticcio, and then went to Bologna, where he constructed several fine palaces, and other public buildings. He finally settled in Rome, and was appointed architect by Julius III in 1550. He designed the Church of the Jestits at Rome, the Caparola palace, and the two lateral cupolas of St. Peter's, of which he succeeded Michael Angelo as the architect. He was the author of The Five Orders of Architecture and Practical Perspective, works which are still among the best authorities orb those subjects. See Spooner, Biog. Hist. of the Fine Arts, s.v. "Barozzio."