United Armenians a name applied to those Armenian Christians who acknowledge the pope; the orthodox Armenians being called Gregorians. The Armenian rite in the Roman Catholic Church has one patriarch and primate (in Cilicia), four archbishops (at Constantinople, Aleppo, Seleucia or Diarbekir, and Lemberg), besides two in partibus, and sixteen bishops. Their union took place from 1314 to 1344. They number some 100,000, of whom 78,000 are in Turkey and Persia (20,000 under the archbishop of Constantinople, 56,000 under the patriarch of Cicilia, and 1000 in Mount Lebanon). Austro-Hungary, in 1870, had 8279 United Armenians; Russian Caucasia and Siberia, in 1869, had 13,722. In 1872 a very considerable part of the Turkish United Armenians left the Roman Catholic communion and joined the Old Catholic movement. SEE ARMENIAN CHURCH.