Tychsen, Thomas Christian
Tychsen, Thomas Christian a German scholar and professor, was born at Horsbyll, in Sleswick, May 8, 1758; studied at Kiel and Göttingen; traveled over the Continent after having completed his studies; and became professor extraordinary of theology in Göttingen in 1784, through the intervention of Heyne, his patron. In 1788 he was made ordinary professor of philosophy; 1806, councilor; 1817, honorary doctor of theology. He was a member of several learned societies, and director of the Royal Scientific Association of Göttingen. He died Oct. 24,1834. This Trahsen, like Olaus G. Tychsen (q.v.), to whom he was in nowise related, was more prominent as an Oriental and classical scholar and antiquarian than as a theologian. He composed forty-three books and essays, all of which are characterized by learning, thoroughness, and good judgment. We mention, De Hapovaua Christi et Notionibus de Adventu Christi in N.T. Obviis: De Josephi Auctoritate et Usu, etc.: —De Litteratura Hebr.: —Illustr. Vaticin. Joelis. c. 3 (Gött. 1788). The dispute of Olaus Tychsen with Bayer led him also to give attention to the study of Jewish coins. In this pursuit he wrote, De Numis Hebraeo-Samarit. etc., in Nov. Comment. Soc. Reg. Gött. 8:120 sq.: —De Numis Oriental. (1789): — De Numis Hasmoceorum, etc., in Nov. Corn. vol. 12. He furthermore wrote Geschichte d. hebr. Literatur (ibid.). In 1791 he became the collaborator of J. D. Michaelis in the Oriental and exegetical library published by the latter, and his successor beginning with vol. 9. He also completed part 4 of Michaelis's Anmerk. für Ungelehrte and vol. 6 of his Supplem. ad Lex. Hebr. (1792). He edited vol. 6 of Koppe's edition of the New Test., comprising Galatians, Ephesians, and Thessalonians (2nd ed. 1791). A complete list of his works and detailed sketch of his life may be found in Neuer Nekrolog der Deutschen (1834, pt. 2; Weimar, 1836), p. 894-900. —Herzog, Real-Encyklop. s.v.