Treves, Councils of (Concilium Trevirense)
Treves, Councils Of (Concilium Trevirense)
take their name from Treves, a town of Rhenish Prussia, in which they were held. The town is situated on the right bank of the Moselle, and had in 1871 a population of 21,442. It is a decayed place, noted for its ultramontanism. The cathedral contains many relics-the principal one being the Holy Coat of Treves-and Roman remains. It has a priestly seminary, a gymnasium, a library of 100,000 volumes, a museum full of valuable antiquities-including the famous Codex Aureus, or MS. of the Gospel in gold letters, presented to the Abbey of St. Maximin by Ada, sister of Charlemagne.
I. The First Council was held in 948. The legate Marinus, the archbishop of Treves, and several bishops here excommunicated Hugo, count of Paris, and two pretended bishops, made by Hugo, the pseudo-archbishop of Rheims. See Mansi, Concil. 9:632. SEE INGELHEIM.
II. The Second Council was held in 1548 by John, count of Isembourg, archbishop of Treves, who presided. Ten chapters, and a decree against the concubinary clergy, were published. See Mansi, Concil. 14:606.
III. The Third Council was held by John, archbishop of Treves, in 1549. Twenty canons were published.
1. Forbids to believe, hold, or teach any other than the Roman doctrine.
2, 3, 4. Of preachers.
6. Orders that the hours be duly said by clerks, and that those who cannot attend at the time in the choir shall say them privately.
9. Of the celebration of the mass.
10. Provides for lessening the number of festivals, and gives a list of those which shall in any case be retained.
11,12. Of the religions and their houses.
15. Of schools.
17,-18. Of the immunity of churches.
19. Of the life and deportment of the clergy.
20. Provides that, the heads of monasteries and colleges, and others of the clergy, shall be supplied with a copy of these canons. See Mansi, 14:705.