Trench, Richard Chenevix, Dd
Trench, Richard Chenevix, D.D.
a prelate of the Irish Church, was born in Ireland, September 9, 1807. He was educated at Harrow and at Trinity College, Cambridge, and took his degree in 1829. He was shortly afterwards ordained as curate to Hugh James Rose of Hadleigh. At this time Trench joined the High Church party, without having the smallest leaning Romewards. He had a tolerance for, though not intellectual sympathy with, the broad school. While holding a small incumbency in Hampshire, Trench became acquainted with the Reverend Dr. (afterwards bishop) Wilberforce, whose curate he became. In 1845 Wilberforce was made dean of Westminster, and Trench became rector of Itchenstoke, a small village near Winchester, joining to his work there, as soon as Wilberforce became bishop, that of examining chaplain, and soon after that of theological professor at King's College. In 1856 Trench was made dean of Westminster, a position which he held to the end of 1863. On January 1, 1864, he was consecrated archbishop of Dublin. He resigned his office in 1885, and died March 28, 1886. As a writer, Trench is known beyond the confines of his own country. He was poet, philologist, and theologian. Of his many writings the best known are, On the Authorized Version of the New Testament (N.Y: 1858): — Synonyms of the New Testament (8th ed. revised, Lond. 1876): — Exposition of the Sermon on the Mount, etc. (3d ed. 1869): — Studies in the Gospels (1870): — The Star of the Wise Men (1850): — Commentary on the Epistles to the Seven Churches in Asia, Revelation 2, 3 (1864): — Notes on the Parables of Our Lord (1871): — Notes on the Miracles of Our Lord (eod.): — On the Lessons in Proverbs (1865): — Lectures on Mediceval Church History (1878): — Sermons Preached before the University of Cambridge (1866): — Sermons Preached in Westminster Abbey (1861): — The Hulsean Lectures for 1845 and 1846 (1860): — Sermons Preached for the Most Part in Ireland (1873): — Sacred Latin Poetry (1864): — English, Past and Present (7th ed. 1871): — A Select Glossary of English Words (1872): — On the Study of Words (1868): — Brief Thoughts and Meditations on Passages of Holy Scripture (1884). Trench was also a member of the English Company for the Revision of the New Test. (B.P.)