Tremellius, Emmanuel

Tremellius, Emmanuel a learned Protestant divine, was born at Ferrara in 1510. By birth a Jew, he was educated in the Jewish faith; but he was converted to Christianity by the teaching, it is said, of cardinal Pole and M. A. Flaminio. Through the influence of Peter Martyr he soon after joined the Reformation party, and became an active propagator of their views. Having left Italy, he visited Germany and England, where he lived in. intimacy with archbishops Cranmer and Parker, and for some time supported himself by teaching Hebrew at Cambridge. On the death of Edward VI he returned to Germany, where he remained teaching Hebrew at Hornbach and Heidelberg. He was next invited to occupy the Hebrew chair at Sedan, where he died in 1580. His works are: Rudimenta Lig. Heb. (Wittenb, 1541): — הנו ִבחירי יה, Initiatio Electorum Domini, a catechism in Hebrew (Par. 1551,1552; Strasb. 1554; Leyd. 1591): — Gam. Chald. et Syr., prefixed to Interpretatio 'Syr. N.T. Hebraicis Typis Descripta (Par. 1569): — Biblia Sacra, sive Libb. Canon. Latini recens ex leb. Facti (Francof. 1579; Lond. 1580). See Fürst, Bibl. Jud. 3, 443; Kitto, Cyclop. . 5.; Steinschneider, Bibliogr. Handbuch, p. 140; Kalkar, Israel und (lie Kirche, p. 73 sq.; Wolf, Bibl. Hebr. I, 3, 4, No. 1797; Butters, Emmanuel Tremellius (Zweibricken, 1859); Delitzsch, Saat auf Hoffnung (Erlangen, 1865), 4:28 sq.; Da Costa, Israel and the Gentiles, p. 469 sq.; Adams, History of the Jews, 2, 71. (B. P.)

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