Toussain, or Tussanus, Daniel

Toussain, or Tussanus, Daniel a French Protestant minister, was born at Montbelliard, in the department of Doubs, July 15, 1541. After some education in his native place, Toussain went to Basle in 1555, where he studied two years. He then spent two years in Tübingen, applying himself to belles-lettres, philosophy, and divinity. Finding himself in differently acquainted with the French language, he went to Paris in 1559, and, after a residence of a year, went to Orleans, where he taught Hebrew for some time, and, being admitted into the ministry; officiated in the Church there. While in Orleans he was frequently exposed to dangers arising out of the war between the Catholics and Protestants, but escaped them and finally reached Heidelberg, whither he had been invited by Frederick III. The prince afterwards employed him in visiting the Reformed churches in his dominions. On the death of the elector in 1576, his son, Casimir, invited Toussain to Neustadt, made him superintendent of the churches there, and, on the death of Ursinus, professor of divinity. In 1578 he presided at a synod assembled by Casimir for the purpose of establishing conformity in doctrine and discipline, and of assisting the exiles of the palatinate. When the prince became regent in 1583, he removed to Heidelberg, and employed Toussain in promoting the Reformed religion. In 1586 he was appointed to succeed Grynaseus, first professor of divinity at Heidelberg; and in 1594 was chosen rector of the university. He died Jan. 10, 1602, and was buried in the university chapel. His published works, in' many volumes 4to and folio, are principally commentaries on various parts of the Bible, and defenses of particular doctrines of the Reformed Church. His' life was published by his son Paul under the title Vita et Obitus Danielis Tussani, etc. (Heidelberg, 1603, 4to).

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