Torquemada (Lat. Turrecremata), Juan de, a celebrated Spanish Dominican, was born at Valladolid in 1388. He became a friar in 1403; accompanied his superior to the Council of Constance in 1417; graduated from the University of Paris in 1424; taught theology there; was admitted doctor of the Sorbonne in 1429; and was successively chosen prior of the Dominican convents of Valladolid and Toledo. In 1431 he was sent by pope Eugenius IV to the Council of Basle, where he strenuously supported the court of Rome, and contributed to the condemnation of the doctrines of Wycliffe and Huss. He attended, in 1439, the Council of Florence as papal commissary, and was foremost in drawing up the "articles of reunion" between the Greek and Latin churches, and received from the pope the title of "defender of the faith." He was created cardinal Dec. 18, 1439; and in the year following attended, in the pope's name, the Council of Bourges, where he kept the French prelates on the side of the pope. He became bishop of Palestina in 1455, and of Sabina in 1464. His death took place at Rome, Sept. 26,1468. His principal works are, Meditationes Joannis de Turrecremata, etc. (Rome, 1467, fol.; Augsburg, 1472,fol.; and many later editions): Quaestiones Spiritualis Convivii Deliciis Praeferentes super Evangeliis (Rome, 1477, fol.; Nuremburg, 1478),: Conmentarii in Decreturn Gratiani (Lyons. 1519, 6 vols. fol.; Venice, 1578; Rome, 1726). Many other of his writings remain unpublished. See Hoefer, Nouv. Biog. Generale, s.v.

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