To'l (Heb. Toi', תֹּעַי in Samuel, but in Chronicles To'l, Heb. Tou', תֹּעוּ both meaning erring; Sept. θοού or θωού v.r. θαεί and θωά; Josephus, θαῖνος; Vulg. Thou), the king of Hamath on the Orontes, who, after the defeat of his powerful enemy the Syrian king Hadadezer by the army of David, sent his son Joram, or Hadoram to congratulate the victor and do him homage with presents of gold and silver and brass (2Sa 8; 2Sa 9; 2Sa 10; 1Ch 18:9-10). B.C. 1036. "For Hadadezer had wars with Toi," and Ewald (Gesch. 2, 199) conjectures that he may have even reduced him to a state of vassalage. There was probably some policy in the conduct of Toi, and his object may have been, as Josephus says it was (Ant. 7:5, 4), to buy off the conqueror with the "vessels of ancient workmanship" (σκεύη τῆς ἀρχαίας κατασκευῆς) which he presented.

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