Temple, Daniel a Congregational minister, was born at Reading, Mass., Dec. 23, 1789. He was employed in mechanical labors until he was twenty-one years old. In 1810 he was converted, and joined the Church. His attention was called to the missionary field by reading Buchanan's Researches, and he commenced the work of preparation by entering Phillips Academy at Andover. He subsequently entered Dart-mouth College, from which he graduated in 181,7. His influence for good in college was great. He spent three years at the Andover Theological Seminary, and was licensed to preach at Billerica by the Andover association in August, 1820. After being employed one year in Massachusetts by the American board, he was ordained at the same time with the Rev. Isaac Bird at North Bridgewater, Oct. 3, 1821. After his marriage with Miss Rachel B. Dix, he 'sailed from Boston for Malta, Jan. 2, 1822 carrying with him the first printing-press, which has since proved such a blessing to the people of the Orient. His wife died in Malta in 1827. Two of his four children survive, and are now preaching the Gospel. He returned to America in 1830, and after remaining a short time, during which he married again, he went back to Malta, where he remained until 1833 when he left for Smyrna, taking with him the whole printing establishment. Though he first set up the press in Malta, its productions were for regions beyond. The authorities ordered the press away from Smyrna, yet he retained it until he left the coast. He established schools there among the Greeks, but whoever would see what he accomplished must go to Constantinople, Aintab, and elsewhere in that land. He continued his connection with the press until he left the mission, in 1844, and returned to America. After his return, he commenced preaching at Phelps. Ontario Co., N. Y., where: his labors were greatly blessed. His acquaintance with the Scriptures was wonderful, being familiar with every part of them. For some time before his end he was not able to preach; but in sickness and in health, in suffering as in labors, he glorified his Master until his death, which took place at Reading, Mass., Aug. 11,1851. See Sprague, Annals of the Amer. Pulpit, 2, 677 sq. (W.V.S.) Temporal, a term often used for secular, in a distinction from spiritual or ecclesiastical; likewise for anything belonging to time in contrast with eternity.