Stanley, Thomas an accomplished English scholar, son of Sir Thomas Stanley, of Laytonstone, Essex, was born in 1625. He graduated from Pembroke Hall, Cambridge. Having spent some time in foreign travel, he took up his residence in the Middle Temple. He died at his lodgings, Suffolk Street, parish of St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, April 12, 1678. Mr. Stanley owed his reputation as a scholar principally to his History of Philosophy, containing the Lives, etc., of the Philosophers of Every Sect (1655, in parts; 1660, 1687, 1743, 4to). It was also translated into Latin (Leipsic, 1711). Among his manuscripts was A Critical Essay on the First-fruits and Tenths of the Spoil. See Chalmers, Biog. Dict. s.v.