Shoulder is the rendering mostly of שׁכֶ ם, shekem (as being the part bent to receive a burden; but perhaps the word is rather primitive; occasionally "back," etc.), and ῏ωμος (Mt 23:4; Lu 15:4); frequently of שׁוֹק, shok (properly the leg [as sometimes rendered], especially the so called right or "heave" shoulder [q.v.], Ex 29:22,27; Le 7:32-34, etc.); and elsewhere of כָּתֵŠ, katheph, the shoulder properly so called, especially the "shoulder pieces" (q.v.) of the high priest's ephod (Ex 28:39); rarely of זרוֹעִ, zeroa, the arm (Nu 6:19; De 18:3), or of some denominative phrase.