She'thar (Heb. Shethar', שֵׁתָר, Persic for star, like ἀστρή [Gesen.], or Zend shathiao = "commander" [Furst; Sept. Σαρσαθαὶος v.r. Σαρρέσθεος, etc.), second named of the seven princes of Persia and Media, who had access to the king's presence, and were the first men in the kingdom, in the third year of Xerxes (Es 1:14). B.C. 483. Comp. Ezr 7:14 and the ἑπτὰ τ ων Περσ ων ἐπίσημοι of Ctesias (14), and the statement of Herodotus (3, 84) with regard to the seven noble Persians who slew Smerdis, that it was granted to them as a privilege to have access to the king's presence at all, times, without being sent for, except when he was with the women; and, that the king might only take a wife from one of these seven families. SEE CARSHENA; SEE ESTHER.