Shephati'ah (Heb. Shephatyah', שׁפִטיָה [thrice in the prolonged form Shephatya'hu, שׁפִטיָהוּ, 1Ch 12:5; 1Ch 27:16; 2Ch 21:2], judged of Jehovah; Sept. Σαφατία v.r. Σαφατίας, etc.), the name of a considerable number of Israelites.
1. The Haruphite (or descendant of Hareph), and one of the Benjamite warriors who joined David at Ziklag (1Ch 12:5). B.C. 1054.
2. The fifth son of David, born of his wife Abital during his reignm in Hebron (2Sa 3:4; 1Ch 3:3). B.C. cir. 1050.
3. Son of Maachah, and phylarch of the Simeonites in the time of David (1Ch 27:16). B.C. 1014.
4. Last named of the six brothers of Jehoram, the son of king Jehoshaphat, whom their father endowed richly (2Ch 21:2). B.C. 887.
5. Son of Mahalaleel and father of Amariah, ancestors of Athaiah of the family of Pharez, son of Judah (Ne 11:4). B.C. long ante 536.
6. Son of Reuel and father of Meshullam, the Benjamite chieftain at the time of the captivity (l Chronicles 9:5, A.V. "Shephathiah"). B.C. ante 588. See No. 8.
7. Son of Mattan, and one of the princes who advised Zedekiah to put Jeremiah to death (Jer 38:1). B.C. 589.
8. An Israelite whose descendants (or perhaps a place whose inhabitants) to the number of three hundred and. seventy-two returned with Zerubbabel from Babylon (Ezr 2:4; Ne 7:9). B.C. ante 536. He is apparently the same with him whose descendants to the number of eighty males returned under the leadership of Zebadiah, with Ezra (Ezr 1:3,8). Whether he was identical with No. 6 is uncertain.
9. One of "Solomon s servants" whose descendants returned from Babylon under Zeriubbabel (Ezr 2:57; Ne 7:59).B.C. ante 536.