[some Shelo'mith] (Heb. Shelomith', שׁלֹמַית or [Ezr 8:10] שׁלוֹמַית, peaceful [strictly a fem. form of Shelomi] twice Shelomoth', שׁלֹמוֹת [1Ch 23:9; 1Ch 26:25], in both which places, however, the Keri has שׁלֹמַית [ver. 26]), the name of four or five Hebrews and two or three Hebrewesses.
1. (Sept. Σαλωμείθ.) A Danite female, daughter of Dibri, wife of an Egyptian, and mother of the man who was stoned for blasphemy (Le 24:11). B.C. ante 1658. The Jewish rabbins have overlaid these few simple facts with a mass of characteristic fable. "They say that Shelomith was a very handsome and virtuous woman who was solicited and tempted to criminal conversation by an Egyptian, an overseer of the Hebrews' labors, without complying with him. He at last found an opportunity, by night, of slipping into the house and bed of Shelomith, in the absence of her husband, and abused her simplicity. The day following, when this woman discovered the injury, she bitterly complained of it to her husband when he returned. He at first thought of putting her away, but kept her some time to see if she should prove with child by the Egyptian. After some months, her pregnancy, becoming evident, he sent her away, and with words he assaulted the officer who had done this outrage. The Egyptian abused him still further, both by words and blows, Moses, coming hither by chance and hearing of this injury done by the Egyptian to the Israelite, took up his defense, killed the Egyptian, and buried him in the sand. The brethren of Shelomith, seeing their sister put away like an adulteress, pretended to call her husband to account for it and to make him take her again. He refused, and they came to blows. Moses happened to be there again, and wished to reconcile them, but the husband of Shelomith asked him what he had to do in the matter? who had made him a judge over them? and whether he had a mind to kill him, also, as yesterday he killed the Egyptian? Moses, hearing this, fled from Egypt into the country of Midian. The blasphemer stoned in the wilderness (Le 24:10-11) was, say the Jews, the son of Shelomith and this Egyptian. The officer who inspected the Hebrews' labor is he of whom Moses speaks in Ex 2:11-12; and the husband of Shelomith is intimated in the same place (ver. 13, 14)."
2. (Sept. Σαλουμώθ.ς.r. Σαλωμώθ.) A Levite, chief of the sons of Ishar in the time of David (1Ch 23:18). B.C. 1013. He is elsewhere (1Ch 24:22-23) called SHELOMOTH SEE SHELOMOTH (q.v.).
3. (Sept. Σαλωμώθ.) A Levite descended from Eliezer the son of Moses, and put in charge of the Temple treasury under David (1Ch 26:25-26,28). B.C. 1018.
4. (Sept. Σαλωμίθ v.r. 'Αωθείμ.) First named of the three sons of Shimei, chief of the Gershonites in the time of David (1Ch 23:9). B.C. 1013. In ver. 10 his name should probably be read instead of Shimei (q.v.).
5. (Sept. Σελημώθ.) The last named of the three children of Rehoboam by his second wife, Maachah, but whether a son or a daughter is uncertain (2Ch 11:20). B.C. cir. 970.
6. (Sept. Σαλωμεθί v.r. Σαλωμίθ.) A daughter of Zerubbabel (1Ch 3:19). B.C. post 53..
7. (Sept. Σαλειμούθ v.r. Σελιμούθ.) According to the present text of Ezr 8:10, the sons of Shelomith, with the son of Josiphiah at their head, returned from Babylon with Ezra to the number of eighty males, B.C. ante 459. There appears, however, to be an omission, which may be supplied from the Sept., and the true reading is probably "Of the sons of Bani, Shelomith the son of Josiphiah." See also 1 Esdr. 8:36, where he is called "Assamoth son of Josaphias." See Keil, ad oc.