Shal'lum (Heb. Shallum', שִׁלּוּ ם, retribution; Sept. usually Σελλούμ), the name of at least twelve Hebrews.
1. The youngest son of Naphtali (1Ch 7:13), called also SHILLEM. (Ge 46:24). B.C. 1874.
2. The third in descent from Simeon, son of Shaul and father of Mibsam (1Ch 4:25). B.C. ante 1618.
3. Son of Sisamai and father of Jekamiah, of the house of Sheshan and tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2, 40, 41). B.C. post 1300.
4. Son of Kore, and chief of the porters of the sanctuary in David's time.(1Ch 9:17 sq., 31). B.C. cir. 1050. He seems to be the same Shallum whose descendants returned from captivity (Ezr 2:42; Ezr 10:24; Ne 7:45). He is apparently elsewhere called Meshullam (12:25), Meshelemiah (1Ch 26:1), and Shelemiah (ver. 14). He was perhaps also the same with the "father" of Maaseiah in Jer 35:4.
5. Son of Zadok and father of Hilkiah, a high priest (1Ch 6:12-13; 1Ch 9:11), and an ancestor of Ezra the scribe (Ezr 7:2). B.C. post 950. He is called Sallumus by Josephus (Σάλλουμος, Ant. 10, 8, 6). He is the Meshullam of 1Ch 9:11; Ne 11:11. SEE HIGH PRIEST.
6. The sixteenth king of Israel. His father's name was Jabesh. In the troubled times which followed the death of Jeroboam II (B.C. 781), the latter's son Zechariah was slain in the presence of the people by Shallum (B.C. 769), who by this act extinguished the dynasty of Jehu, as was predicted (2Ki 10:30). SEE JEHU; SEE ZECHARIAH.
Shallum then mounted the throne, but occupied it only one month, being opposed and slain by Menahem, who ascended the throne thus vacated (15:10-15). SEE ISRAEL, KINGDOM OF.
7. The father of Jehizkiah, which latter was one of the leading Ephraimites in the time of Ahaz and Pekah (2Ch 28:12). B.C. ante 740.
8. The son of Tikvah and husband of the prophetess Hulldah (2Ki 22:14). B.C. cir. 630. He appears to have been the custodian of the sacerdotal wardrobe (2Ch 34:22). He was probably the same with Jeremiah's uncle (Jer 32:7).
9. King of Judah, son of Josiah (Jer 22:11), better known as Jehoahaz II (q.v.). Hengstenberg (Christology of the Old Test. 2, 400, Eng. transl.) regards the name as symbolical, "the recompensed one," and given to Jehoahaz in token of his fate, as one whom God recompensed according to his deserts. This would be plausible enough if it were only found in the prophecy; but a genealogical table is the last place where we should expect to find a symbolical name, and Shallum is more probably the original name of the king, which was changed to Jehoahaz when he came, to the crown. Upon a comparison of the ages of Jehoiakim, Jehoahaz or Shallum, and Zedekiah, it is evident that of the two last Zedekiah must have been the younger, and therefore that Shallum was the third, not the fourth, son of Josiah, as stated in 1Ch 3:15.
10. A priest of the descendants of Bani, who had taken a strange (i.e. idolatrous) wife, and was compelled by Ezra to put her away (Ezr 10:42). B.C. 457.
11. One of the Levitical porters who did the same (Ezr 10:24). B.C. 457.
12. Son of Halohesh and "ruler of the half part of Jerusalem," who, with his daughters, aided in building the walls (Ne 3:12). B.C. 445.