Severianus, bishop of Gabala, in Syria. The historical appearance of this personage is interwoven with the life and fortunes of John Chrysostom. During a protracted absence of the latter in Asia Minor, Severianuis acted as his representative, and availed himself of the opportunity to intrigue against Chrysostom, for which he was expelled from Constantinople. Being soon recalled by his patroness, the empress Eudoxia, he became reconciled to Chrysostom; but he afterwards renewed his intriguing efforts in connection with Theophilus of Alexandria. His later history is unknown. Six sermons on the history of the creation, together with other sermons by this man, are published in the works of Chrysostom in the Montfaucon ed. 1, 6 and the Mechitarists of Venice published certain of his homilies in 1827. On his life, see Palladius, De Vita S. Joh. Chrysostom.; Socrates, Hist. Eccl. 6, 18; Sozomen, Hist. Eccl. 8, 6.

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