Sermon on the Mount
Sermon On The Mount the common name of a discourse delivered by Jesus to his disciples and a multitude on a mountain near Capernaum, A.D. 27, perhaps in May, early in the second year of his public ministry. It is a complete system of the moral law, in the spiritual form which it assumes under the Christian dispensation, and has deservedly been made the subject of much study and learned exposition (Mt 5; Mt 6; Mt 7; Lu 6:20 sq. Comp. Mr 9:47 sq.; Mt 18:8-9). The best complete exposition is certainly that of Tholuck, Bergpredig. (4th ed. 1856). An earlier edition has been translated into English (1843, 2 vols.). See also Valenti, Commentar ib. d. Bergpred. (Basel, 1849); Mackintyre, Expos. of the Sermon on the Mount (Lond. 1854); Pitman, Comment. on the Sermon on the Mount (ibid. 1852); Todd, id. (ibid. 1856); Trench, Expos. of the Sermon on the Mount (ibid. 1851); and the literature cited by Volbeding, Index Programmatum, p. 32; and Hase, Leben Jesu, p. 121. SEE JESUS.