Seder Olam

Seder Olam (סֵדֶר עוֹלָם), or the Succession of the World's History, is an ancient Jewish chronicle, written by R. Jose ben-Chalafta, of Sepphoris, who flourished about A.D. 100-150. In thirty chapters it professes to give the history of Israel up to the time of the author, or rather to the termination of the last Jewish war under Bar-cocheba. At the close of the work there are some omissions, which, in part, are compensated by another historical work which bears the same title, but, in contradistinction to the Seder Olam, or the Seder Olam Rabba (סדר עולם רבא)=the Major Chronicle, it is designated the Seder Olam Zutta (סדר עולם זוטא)= the Minor Chronicle. The best edition of the Seder Olam is that by Meyer (Amsterdam, 1699), which appeared together with the Seder Olam Zutta, a Latin translation, and very elaborate annotations; See Fürst, Bibl. Judaica, 2, 107 sq.; Zunz, Gottesdienstl. Vorträge, p. 85, 138; Grätz, Gesch. der Juden. 4:536 sq.; Edersheim, Hist. of the Jewish Nation, p. 263 sq.; Steinschneider, Jewish Literature, p. 32. (B.P.)

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