Schwarzenberg, Friedrich Johann Nepomuk

Schwarzenberg, Friedrich Johann Nepomuk prince-archbishop of Prague, was born April 6, 1809. In 1836 prince Schwarzenberg was made archbishop of Salzburg, in 1842 cardinal-priest, in 1849 archbishop of Prague, and died at Vienna, March 27, 1885, cardinal archbishop. At the Vatican council he made an address, May 18, 1870; against the dogma of papal infallibility, which caused a great sensation in all Europe. But the resistance of Schwarzenberg was soon broken; he did not sign the protest of the opposition party, and retired to a monastery to avoid being further pressed by his former adherents. In Rome the papal faction soon proclaimed "Laudabiliter se subjecit." And such was the case, for Schwarzenberg was one of the first who proclaimed the dogma of infallibility in his archdiocese. Otherwise he was one of the most peaceful and tolerant prelates in Austria. (B.P.)

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