Schadow, Friedrich Wilhelm Von
Schadow, Friedrich Wilhelm Von a German painter, was born at Berlin, Sept. 6, 1789. His early studies in art were directed by his father, but in 1806 he abandoned them for the military service, in which he remained for four years. In Rome he afterwards studied under Cornelius and Overbeck, became a convert to Catholicism, and assisted his masters in the decoration of several villas and churches. In 1819 he became a member of the Academy of Fine Arts at Berlin, and in 1827 he was made director of the Academy at Düsseldorf. Here his peculiar religious views and mystical tendencies led to a break with his pupils, and his school was divided, the seceding party being led by Lessing.
Schadow was made a nobleman in 1843. He published a pamphlet entitled Sur l'Influence du Christianisme sur les Arts (Düsseldorfer, 1842): — and Der Moderne Vasari (Berlin, 1854). He died in 1862. Of his paintings in Rome, the most remarkable are A Holy Family, The Virgin Mary, and The Union of Poetry and Sculpture. In Berlin is his Four Evangelists, and at Frankfort The Wise Virgins and The Foolish Virgins. See Uechtriz, Blicke in das Düsseldorfer Künstlerleben.; Pütmann, Die Düsseldorfer Malerschule.