Salmon, Nathaniel, an English clergyman and physician, son of the Rev. Thomas Salmon, was educated at Cambridge. He entered holy orders, but after a while abandoned the clerical profession for that of medicine, in the practice of which, and in the study of antiquities, he passed the remainder of his life. He died April 2, 1742. His principal works were, Lives of the English Bishops (Lond. 1733, 8vo): — History of Hertfordshire (ibid. 1728); and others on history and antiquities.