Rudinger (Also Rudiger and Rudinger), Esrom

Rudinger (Also Rudiger And Rudinger), Esrom, a German theologian and author, was born at Bamberg, Bavaria, May 19, 1523. He was a pupil of Joachim Camerarius in his early years, and subsequently (1548) became his son-in-law. In 1549 he became rector of the gymnasium at Zwickau, and greatly promoted the efficiency of that school; but, as his relations with the superintendent became unpleasant by reason of his advocacy of the "necessity of good works," he gladly accepted a call to Wittenberg in 1557. In 1562 he became rector, and in 1570 dean, of the theological faculty of that university. By this time his peculiar views had become known. He did not acknowledge the corporeal presence of Christ in the sacrament, nor a real partaking of the res sacramenti by unbelievers. He was commanded to renounce such opinions, and was even arrested (1574); but he refused and fled, eventually establishing a school among the Moravians, in connection with whose curriculum he wrought out his valuable exposition of the book of Psalms. He died at Nuremberg in 1591, though Altorf is sometimes given as the place of his decease.

Rudinger left many works in manuscript, besides others which were published. His theological writings are the following: Synesii Cyrenoei Aegyptii, seu de Providentia Disputatio, etc. (Basle, 1557): — Exegesis . . . de Coena Dom. (Leipsic and Heidelberg, 1575; the latter edition naming Cureus as the author): — Libri Psalmorum Paraphrasis Latina: — Ε᾿νδέξιον, Tunica Funebris ex Tela Paradisi ad Dextram Crucis Christi (Lu 23:43): — De Origine Ubiquitatis Pii et Eruditi ... Tractatio (Geneva, 1597), a posthumous work usually credited to him: — De Jesu Martyre Anna Burgio, etc., in Miegii Monumenta, etc., 2, 61 sq.: — De Fratribus Orthodoxis in Bohemia et Moravia, etc., in Camerarius's Narratio de Fratr. Orthod. Ecclesiis in Boh. (Heidelberg, 1605). See Will, Nurnbergisches Gelehrten-Lexikon, s.v., and the supplementary volume to the same work by Nopitsch, s.v.

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