Rosmini (Serbati), Antonio
Rosmini (Serbati), Antonio an Italian ecclesiastic and philosopher, was born at Roveredo, in the Tyrol, March 24, 1797. He studied at Padua, became a priest at the age of twenty-four, and in 1827 published his first treatise on philosophy, to which he had devoted himself from his early youth. About the :same time he formed the acquaintance of Malnzoni, and the next year founded a new religious order, the "Instituto del Preti della Carita" (Brethren of Charity), visiting Rome in 1830 to obtain the sanction of the pope. In 1834 he returned to Roveredo as archdeacon, and in 1836 became abbot there, and founded a similar female order (Sisters of Providence). Meanwhile he continued his philosophical studies and publications, in consequence of the liberality of which he failed to secure. the confirmation of his cardinialship (given him in 1848 by Pius IX), and some of his books were even put on the Index Expurgatorius. He died at Stresa, July 1, 1855. His writings fill thirty-five volumes. His Life has been written by Lockhart (1856) and Garelli (1861). For a notice of his career and philosophy see the Fortnightly Review, November 1881, and July 1882.