Rosa, Salvator, an Italian painter, was born at Aranella, near Naples, June 20, 1615. He was brought up under Francisco Francanzano, but was obliged to get his living by selling his pictures upon the street. After his father's death, he went with Ribera to Rome, at which city he remained four years, when cardinal Brancacci carried him to Viterbo, where he painted several pieces. He afterwards went with Prince John Charles of Medici to Florence, and stayed nine years in this city. He finally fixed his residence at Rome, where he died, March 15, 1673. Among his most celebrated works are, the Catiline Conspiracy: — Saul and the Witch of Endor: — Attilus Regulus, and altar pieces. He was also a good composer of music. See lady Morgan, Life and Times of Salvator (Lond. 1824, 2 vols.); Cantu, Salvator Rosa (Milan, 1844); Reynolds [Sir Joshua], Works.