The oldest, and still the usual, form of dressing meat in the East is by roasting it (Jahn, 1, 2, 193 sq.); boiling is a process which marks some antecedent progress ip civilization, and many nations are ignorant of it at the present day. The culinary preparations of the patriarchs were the most simple that could well be imagined: the animal was killed at the moment that the flesh was required, and the joints, after some part had been selected for sacrifice, were then roasted or broiled over the glowing embers of a wood fire. Roasting is mentioned but casually in the Bible, and is called in Heb. tsalah', צָלָה (1Sa 2; 1Sa 15; Isa 44:16). A roast is called tsali', צָלַי (Ex 12:8 sq.; Isaiah loc. cit. Comp. Arvieux, Voyage, 3, 233). SEE COOK.