Religion, Philosophy of

Religion, Philosophy Of, the science of religion; the application of philosophical principles to the discussion of its general character, origin, and claims. It presents,

1, religion in general; 2, revealed religion; 3, the Christian religion; 4, the Christian Church.

This subject is discussed by Apelt (1860), Beneke (1840), Chateaubriand, Deuzinger (1857), Fichte, Hegel ( Werke, vol. xi), Kant (Religion innerhalb, with Kirchmann's notes), Krug (1819), Morrel (Philosophy of Religion; see the Methodist Quarterly Review, July, Oct., 1850), Pascal (Pensees), Otto Pfleiderer (1869), Heinrich Ritter (1858, 1859), Arnold Ruge (1869), Schleiermacher (Monologen), F. X. Schmid (1857), and Spinoza. See Fleming and Krauth, Vocabulary of Philosophy, p. 854.

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