Reichardt, John Christian
Reichardt, John Christian a minister of the Episcopal Church, vas born at Ruhrort, on the Rhine, in 1803. He was educated first at the public school in his native place, and afterwards pursued his studies at the gymnasium at Duisburg. Feeling a desire to devote himself to missionary work, he was recommended to the missionary society at Barmen, which received him, and he was sent by it to the excellent Janicke's Missionary Institution at Berlin. Janicke had no funds at command to enable him to send forth missionaries, but the missionary societies in England, in Holland, and elsewhere were thankful to avail themselves of those who had been trained by the venerable pastor in Berlin. In the year 1824 the London Society for Propagating the Gospel among the Jews appointed Mr. Reichardt for the mission in Poland, in connection with Mr. Becker, a former pupil of father Janicke. During 1825 and 1826 he travelled extensively through Poland; from 1827 to 1830 he was engaged in frequent missionary journeys in Holland and Bavaria, and in 1831 he was active, together with the late Rev. M. S. (afterwards bishop) Alexander, in preaching the Gospel to the Jews in London and the principal towns of England. From that time his permanent residence was at London, in prosecution of the missionary work in behalf of his society. In October, 1857, Mr. Reichardt left England on a special mission to Jerusalem, where he also remained for a time. After his return from Jerusalem, his time and efforts were mainly directed to the work of the society in England, with occasional visits to various missionary stations. His main work, however, was the revision of the text of the Hebrew New Test., which was printed and published several times, and in correcting for the press multiplied editions of the Old Test., which the London Society, as well as the British Bible Society. published. He also took part in the training of candidates for missionary employment, and, after he was permitted to labor until his death, March 31, 1873. In connection with his missionary work, he published a number of pamphlets, which have been translated by his fellow-laborers into Dutch, French, etc., viz. משיח בן דויד, or Proofs that Jesus of Nazareth is the Son of David (Lond. 1851, and often): — - משיח צמח ה, or Proofs that the Messiah, the Son of David, is also the Son of God (ibid. 1851, and often): — ה אחד שמע ישראל ה אלהינו, The Scriptural Doctrine of the God of Israel (ibid.
1851, and often):: — - שתי הבריתות, The Two Covenants, or Mosaism and Christianity (2d ed. ibid. 1857): — -Investitigaion of the Prophet Joel with Special Reference to the Coming Crisis (ibid. 1867). See Jewish Intelligencer (Lond.), 1851, p. 427 sq.; 1867, p. 34 sq.; May, 1873; Dibre Emeth, oder Stimme der Wahrheit (Breslau, 1873), p. 97 sq.; Delitzsch, Saat auf Hoffing (1873), 10:228 sq.; Fiirst, Bibl. Jud. 3:143; Zuchold, Bibl. Theol. ii, 1044. (B. P.)