Rau a name common to many literati, of whom we mention the following:
1. CHRISTIAN, was born Jan. 25,1613, at Berlin, studied at Wittenberg, and was made magister in 1636. He then went to Konigsberg, Leipsic, Rostock, Hamburg, and Upsala, where he was offered a pastorate, which he declined. In 1638 he visited England, and in 1639 set out for the Orient, and resided a short time at Smyrna. where he learned Turkish, Persian, Italian, Spanish, and Modern Greek. In Constantinople he made a valuable collection of old books, and in 1642 was made professor of Oriental languages at Oxford; in 1644 he was called to Utrecht; in 1645 he lectured at Amsterdam, in 1650 at Upsala, in 1669 at Kiel, and finally settled at Frankfort-on-the-Oder in 1671, where he died, June 21, 1677. His best work is Concordanticarum flebr. et Chald.. J. Buxtofio Epiitome (Berl. and Frankf. 1677). A number of other works are enumerated in Jocher's Gelehrten-Lexikon, 3:1926. See Furst, Bibl. Jud. 3:134; Winer, Handbuch
der theolog. Literatur, p. 121, 721; Steinschneider, Bibliographisches Handbuch, p. 114.
2. HERIBERT, a rationalist and preacher of the so-called German-Catholic Congregation, was born at Frankfort-on-the-Main in 1813, where he also died, Sept. 26, 1876. He wrote, Allgemeine Geschiclhte der christl. Kirche von ihrem Eosntstehen bis (atf die Gegemcart (Frankfort-on-the-Main, 1846): — Neue Stunden de Andacht (4th ed. Leips. 1863, 3 vols.): — Sermons, etc., published at different times. See Literaorischer Handweiser, 1876, p. 551; Zuchold, Bibl. Theolog. ii, 1032.
3. JOACHIM JUSTUS, doctor and professor of theology, was born April 11, 1713, at Berlin, studied at Jena, and in 1736 was called to Konigsberg as professor of theology and Oriental languages, where he died, Aug. 19, 1749. He wrote, Diatribe Hist. philos. de Philosophia Lactantii Firm. (Jena, 1733): —Anfangsgrunde der hebr. Grammatik nech den luhoi satzen des D. Danz (Konigsb. 1739; published by G. 1). Kypke, ibid. 1749, etc.). See Jocher, Gelehrten-Lexikon, s. v: Furst Bibl. Jud. 3:134; Steinschneider, Bibliogr. Handbuch, p. 114; Winer, Handbuch der theol. Literutur, i, 40, 909; ii, 721.
4. JOHANN EBERHARD, professor of theology, was born at Altenbach, in the principality of Siegen, and died in 1770 at Herborn. He wrote, Dissertatio de Precibus Hebroeorum (Marburg, 1717): — Diatribe de Synagoga Magna (Utrecht, 1725): — Dissert. Philologicotheologica de Libamine Facto in Sacra Mensa Exodus 25:, 29, ventilta (Herborn, 1732): — Notoe et Aninadversiones in Hadr. Relandi Antiquitates Vetelrunm tebr. (ibid. 1743): — Exercitatio Academica de Vube super Arcam Fuderis (ibid. 1757-58; reprinted, Utrecht, 1760): — Duce Dissertationes Sacrl Antiquarioe (ibid. 1760). See First, Bibl. Jud. 3:134; Winer, Handbuch der theol. Literatur, i, 137-139; ii, 722.
5. JOHANN WILHELM, doctor and professor of theology, was born at Rentweinsdorf, in Franconia, March 9, 1745. In 1770 he was repetent at Gittingen; in 1773, rector at Peine, in Hanover; in 1775 he was made rector and professor of theology at Dortmund, and in 1779 ordinary professor of theology at Erlangen, where he died, July 1, 1807. He wrote, Nonnulla ad Quamstion. ans Ortio Montana Apostolor. Initiandor. Cautsa dicta sit (Erlangen, 1802-3): — Untersuchun en die wahre Ansicht der Bergpredigt betreffend (ibid. 1805): — Freimuithige Untersuchungen uber die Typologie (ibid. 1784): — De Jo. Bapt. in rem Christ. Studiis (ibid. 1785-
86): — Materinlien zu Kanzelvortragen (ibid. 1797-1806). See Furst, Bibliotheca Judaicu, 3:134; Winer, Handbuch derl theologischen Literatur, i, 246, 247, 390, 556, 557, 559; ii, 122, 722. (B. P.)