Randolph, Thomas an English divine of note, was born Aug. 30, 1701, at Canterbury, studied at Oxford University, where he was bursar, and after completing his theological course was in 1725 admitted to orders, then taught for a while, and finally accepted two benefices in Kent. In 1748 he was elected Dresident of Corpus Christi College, and later was given a professor. ship in theology (1768). He died at Oxford March 24, 1783. Dr. Thomas Randolph published a work on the Prophecies cited in the New Testament compared with the Hebrew Original and the Septuagint Version, which is exceedingly valuable and scarce. "It presents," says Orme, "at one view the Heb. text, the Sept. version of it, and the quotation in the Greek New Test." The substance of the work is incorporated in Horne's Chapter on Quotations.
His son John, who was born July 6, 1749, and was educated at Oxford, became under his father's adminis tration professor of Greek and theology, in 1799 was made bishop of Oxford, was transferred to the see of Bangor in 1807, and in 1809 to that of London, where he died July 28, 1813. He was a member of the Royal Society of London, and published several sermons. See Gentleman's Magazine, 83, 84, and the biographical sketch prefaced to the collected writings of Thomas Randolph; Saunders, Evenings with Sacred Poets, p. 231; Hook, Eccles. Biog. 8:191. (J. H. W.)