Plowden, Charles an English Roman Catholic divine who belonged to the Order of Jesuits, was born in 1743, and educated at Rome, where he entered into the society in 1759. On his return to his own country, after the suppression of his order in 1773, he was one of the most zealous advocates for the proposed reorganization of the Jesuits in England. He afterwards became president of the Catholic college of Stonyhurst, in Lancashire, and died in 1821. His publications are against Butler and Berington and for the restoration of the Jesuits (1792, 8vo; 1796, 8vo). Also, Remarks on the Memoirs of G. Panzani (Liege, 1794, 8vo): — Considerations of the Modern Opinions of the Fallibility of the Pope (1776, 8vo).
An older brother of his, Dr. FRANCIS PLOWDEN, a noted member of the English Chancery Bar, is the author of Jura Anglorum, the Rights of Englishmen (1792, 8vo), and Church and State (1795, 4to), which both plead for Roman Catholic recognition by the English government, and became the subject of much controversy. See Allibone, Dict. of Brit. and Amer. Authors, 2, 1609, 1610. (J.H.W.)