Philoxenus of Mabug or Hierapolis

Philoxenus Of Mabug Or Hierapolis an Eastern prelate of some note, flourished in the second half of the 5th century. He was a devoted Jacobite, and for his zeal in the propagation of their doctrines is reckoned among the saints of that branch of the Syrian Church. He was bishop of Mabug, to which see he was consecrated by Peter the Fuller, after A.D. 485, though he is said not to have been baptized. He is the author of two Jacobite liturgies, of which only one is authenticated. The other is, according to Neale, "a sadly inflated specimen of mediaeval taste in the East." He is also noted as the translator of certain portions of the sacred Scriptures into Syrian, and as the supervisor of a general and complete version. Besides, he was the head of the Monophysites about 500, when they fought with Nestorianism at the Council of Chalcedon. See Neale, Hist. of the East. Ch. (Introd.), 1:333; Assemani, Bibl. Orient. 2:10; Le Quien, Oriens Christianus, 2:928; Renaudot, Lit. Orient. 2:300; Petavius, De theol. dogmat. lib. 1, cap. 18; Walch, Gesch. der Ketzereien, 6:955 sq.; 7:10 sq.; Dorner, Entwickelungsgesch. etc., 2:23-46,152, 168. (J.H.W.)

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